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勿忘国耻!用英语如何表达“九一八”

发布者: waishi.com | 发布时间: 2017-9-19 11:56| 查看数: 265| 评论数: 0|帖子模式

1931年9月18日,日本帝国主义发动“九一八”事变。自此,揭开长达14年的抗日战争。14年,3500万同胞惨遭杀害,无数百姓流离失所。历史不能忘记,中华民族的苦难史应该被我们每个国人所铭记。

“九一八”事变指1931年9月18日在中国东北爆发的一次军事冲突和政治事件。冲突双方是中国东北军和日本关东军。这次事件爆发后的几年时间内,东北三省全部被日本关东军占领,因此被中国民众视为国耻,直至今日,9月18日在中国许多非正式场合都被称为“国耻日”。

今天为大家带来关于“九一八”事变的相关英语表达。

勿忘国耻!用英语如何表达“九一八”

勿忘国耻!用英语如何表达“九一八”

1931年9月18日晚上,日本驻中国的侵略军——关东军,自行炸毁沈阳北郊柳条湖附近南满铁路的一段路轨,反诬中国军队破坏铁路,并借此突然袭击了东北军驻地北大营和沈阳城。随即在几天内侵占20多座城市及其周围的广大地区。这就是当时震惊中外的“九一八”事变。
In the evening of September 18, 1931, the Japanese invasion army--Kantogun (Kwantung Army) voluntarily blew up a section of the South Manchuria Railway which was near Liutiao Lake on the suburb of Shenyang, but they accused Chinese troops of destroying the railway. On this pretext, they attacked Beidaying and Shenyang City where the Chinese troops were stationed. Soon afterwards, they occupied more than 20 cities and vast surrounding areas within only several days. That was the “September 18 Incident” that shocked China and the whole world at that time.

1931年9月18日夜,日军以其制造的“柳条湖事件”为借口,大举进攻沈阳。当时,国民党政府正集中力量进行反共反人民的内战,对日本侵略者采取卖国政策,命令东北军“绝对不抵抗”,撤至山海关内。日本侵略军乘虚而入,于9月19日占领沈阳,接着分兵侵占吉林、黑龙江。至1932年1月,东北三省全部沦陷。
In the evening of September 18, 1931, the Japanese troops mounted a large-scale offensive against Shenyang on the pretext of the “Liutiao Lake Incident”. At that time, the Kuomintang Government was concentrating troops on the anti-communist and anti-people civil war, adopted a policy of quislism towards the Japanese invaders, order troops stationed in Northeast China “not to resist absolutely” and withdraw to the inside of the Shanhai Pass. The Japanese invaders took advantage of this weak point, occupied Shenyang on September 9 and then divided troops to respectively occupy Jilin and Heilongjiang. By January 1932, the three provinces in Northeast China all fell into the enemy hands.

1932年3月,在日本帝国主义的扶持下,傀儡政权——伪“满洲国”在长春建立。从此,日本帝国主义把东北变成它独占的殖民地,全面加强政治压迫、经济掠夺、文化奴役,使我东北3000多万同胞,惨遭涂炭,陷于水深火热之中。
In March 1932, under the aegis of the Japanese Imperialism, the puppet regime—the puppet “State of Manchukuo” was founded in Changchun. From then on, The Japanese Imperialists had changed Northeast China into Japan's exclusive colony, fully strengthening political oppressions, economic plunders and cultural enslavements. Our 30 million compatriots in Northeast China were plunged into an abyss of misery and suffering.

“九一八”事变激起了全国人民的抗日怒潮。各地人民纷纷要求抗日,反对国民党政府的不抵抗的作法。在中国共产党的领导和影响下,东北人民奋起抵抗,开展抗日游击战争,先后涌现出东北义勇军等各种抗日武装。
The “September 18 Incident” aroused people's angry tide of resistance against Japan all over China. People all over the country successively demanded resistances against Japan and opposed the Kuomintang Government's non-resistance policy. The people in Northeast China were roused to resist and launched anti-Japanese guerilla warfare. Various armed anti-Japanese forces including the Northeast Volunteers appeared.

1936年2月,东北各抗日部队统一改编为东北抗日联军。1937年“七·七”事变后,抗日联军团结广大群众,进一步开展了广泛持久的抗日武装斗争,有力地配合中国共产党领导的全国抗战,终于迎来了抗日战争的胜利。
In February 1936, all anti-Japanese troops were uniformly reorganized as the Anti-Japanese Amalgamated Army of the Northeast. After the Marco Polo Bridge Incident in 1937, the Amalgamated Army united vast majority of masses to further lunch protracted comprehensive armed anti-Japanese struggles, effectively coordinating the nationwide War of Resistance against Japan led by the Communist Party of China, and finally gained the victory over Japan.

“九一八”事变的发生,是日本帝国主义为了吞并中国、称霸亚洲及太平洋地区而采取的一个蓄谋已久的重要侵略步骤。早在1927年夏,日本内阁就在东京召开“东方会议”,制定了《对华政策纲领》,声称中国东北“在(日本)国防和国民的生存上有着重大的利害关系”。同年7月,内阁首相田中义一向天皇奏呈“田中奏折”,公然宣称:“欲征服中国,必先征服满蒙,欲征服世界,必先征服中国”,从而确立了在“满蒙”建立侵略基地的狂妄战略。
The launch of the “September 18 Incident” was a long-premeditated important invasion step taken by the Japanese Imperialists for annexing China and dominating Asia and the Pacific Region. Early in the summer of 1927, the Japanese Cabinet held the “Oriental Meeting” and mapped out the “Political Platform towards China” in Tokyo, proclaiming that the Northeast China “has great interests in terms of (Japan's) national defence and people's existence”. In July of the same year, the cabinet prime minister Tanaka Giichi submitted the“Tanaka Memorial”to the Mikado, publicly proclaimed: “In order to conquer China, we must first conquer Manchuria and Inner Mongolia, and in order to conquer the world, we must first conquer China”, thereby decided the presumptuous strategy of establishing invasion bases in “Manchuria and Mongolia”.

1931年,日本军部秘密制订了有关侵略我国东北的方针、步骤和措施。在完成了发动侵略战争的周密准备之后,日本帝国主义悍然发动了“九一八”事变,揭开了对中国、进而对亚洲及太平洋地区进行全面武装侵略的序幕。
In 1931, the Japanese Army Headquarters secretly formulated the principles, steps and measures for invading Northeast China. After careful preparation for the invasion war, the Japanese Imperialists blatantly launched the “September 18 Incident”, it was a prelude to all-around armed invasions to China, then Asia and the Pacific Region.


中文
英文
九一八事变
September 18th Incident
七七事变(卢沟桥事变)
July 7th Incident (Lugou Bridge Incident)
淞沪会战
Battle of Shanghai
平型关大捷
Battle of Pingxingguan; victory at Pingxingguan
台儿庄大捷
Battle of Tai’erzhuang; victory at Tai’erzhuang
武汉会战
Battle of Wuhan
百团大战
Hundred-Regiment Campaign
八路军
Eighth Route Army
新四军
New Fourth Army
东北抗日联军
Northeast United Resistance Army
华南人民抗日游击队
Southern China People’s Counter-Japanese Guerrilla Force

中国远征军

Chinese Expeditionary Force
持久战
protracted war
游击战
guerrilla warfare
运动战
mobile warfare
地道战
tunnel warfare
地雷战
landmine warfare
抗日根据地
resistance base
解放区
liberated area
游击区
guerrilla area
敌占区(沦陷区)
enemy-occupied area; occupied area
“大东亚共荣圈”
“Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere”
“三光”政策
“Three Alls” policy (kill all,  burn all, loot all)
“731部队”(满洲第731部队)
“Unit 731” (Unit 731 of  Manchuria)
南京大屠杀
Nanjing Massacre
“慰安妇”
“comfort women”
细菌战
germ warfare
化学战
chemical warfare
“扫荡”
“mopping-up” operation
“蚕食”
“gnawing-away” operation
“清乡”
“pacification” operation

转自译世界,来源中央编译局翻译服务部

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