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400条中华思想文化术语

发布者: 日月星辰5521 | 发布时间: 2017-10-17 11:46| 查看数: 294| 评论数: 0|帖子模式

坐忘
Forget the Difference and Opposition Between Self and the Universe

自由
Acting Freely / Freedom

自生
Spontaneous Generation

 中和
Balanced Harmony

治世之音
Music of an Age of Good Order

治内裁外
Handling Internal Affairs Takes Precedence over External Affairs.

正始体
The Zhengshi Literary Style

政贵有恒
Stability Is the Key to Governance.


Yue (Music)

约定俗成
Established Through Popular Usage / Accepted Through Common Practice

怨刺
Resentment and Sting

元亨利贞
Yuanheng Lizhen

咏史诗
Poetry on History

永明体
The Yongming Poetic Style

隐逸诗
Recluse Poetry

以战止战
Use War to Stop War

移风易俗
Change Social Practices and Customs

选体
Xuanti Poetry / Poetry in Prince Zhaoming’s Favorite Style

玄言诗
Metaphysical Poetry

性善
Human Nature Is Good. Q

性恶
Human Nature Is Evil.

行己有耻
Conduct Oneself with a Sense of Shame

心斋
Pure State of the Mind


Filial Piety

乡愿
Hypocrite

西昆体
The Xikun Poetic Style

物化
Transformation of Things

无为而治
Rule Through Non-action

亡国之音
Music of a Failing State

婉约派
Wanyue School / Graceful and Restrained School

田园诗
Idyllic Poetry

天下为公
The World Belongs to All.

天时地利人和
Opportune Time, Geographic Advantage, and Unity of the People

天经地义
Natural Rules and Orderliness


Fraternal Duty

太康体
The Taikang Literary Style

四象
Four Images

恃德者昌,恃力者亡
Those Who Rely on Virtue Will Thrive; Those Who Rely on Force Will Perish.

盛唐之音
Poetry of the Prime Tang Dynasty

生生
Perpetual Growth and Change

尚贤
Exalt the Worthy

尚同
Conform Upwardly

山水诗
Landscape Poetry

三不朽
Set Moral Examples, Perform Great Deeds, and Spread Noble Ideas

仁民爱物
Have Love for the People, and Cherish All Things

 清词丽句
Refreshing Words and Exquisite Expressions

民主
Lord of the People / Democracy

民以食为天
Food Is of Primary Importance to the People.

民心惟本
The People’s Will Is the Foundation of the State

民心
Will of the People

乱世之音
Music of an Age of Disorder

 龙
Dragon

两仪
Two Modes

理趣
Substance Through Artistic Appeal

狂狷
Proactive Versus Prudent

枯淡
Dry Plainness

克己复礼
Restrain Yourself and Follow Social Norms

精气
Vital Energy

解蔽
Clear the Mind of Enigmas

建安风骨
The Jian'an Literary Style

己所不欲,勿施于人
Do Not Do to Others What You Do Not Want Others to Do to You.


Ji / Omen

惠民
Benefit the People

黄河
The Yellow River

荒寒
Grim and Desolate

和为贵
Harmony Is Most Precious.

好战必亡,忘战必危
Those Who Like to Go to War Will Perish; Those Who Forget War WillBe in Danger.

 豪放派
Haofang School / Bold and Unconstrained School

汉乐府
Yuefu Poetry

涵泳
Be Totally Absorbed (in Reading and Learning)

含蓄
Subtle Suggestion

古文运动
Classical Prose Movement

公正
Fair / Just

宫调
Gongdiao (Musical Modes)


Examine / Study

非命
Rejection of Fatalism

泛爱
Broad Love Extending to All

反者道之动
The Only Motion Is Returning.

 法
Law

点铁成金
Golden Touch

 得人者兴,失人者崩
He Who Obtains the Support of the People Will Rise; He Who Loses theSupport of the People Will Come

当仁不让
When Facing an Opportunity to Exercise Benevolence, Do Not Yield.

大丈夫
Great Man

春秋笔法
The Style of The Spring and Autumn Annals

崇本息末
Revere the Fundamental and Dismiss the Specific

崇本举末
Revere the Fundamental and Keep the Specific Unchanged

成人
Complete Man

畅神
Free Flow of One’s Mind

长城
The Great Wall

仓廪实而知礼节
When the Granaries Are Full, the People Follow Appropriate Rules ofConduct.

参验
Cross-checking and Verification

不战在我
It Is Entirely One’s Own Decision Not to Fight.

不战而胜
Win Without Resorting to War

博爱
Extensive Love to Benefit All

标举兴会
Distinctiveness and Spontaneity

边塞诗
Frontier Poetry

百戏
Baixi (All Performing Arts)

安居乐业
Live in Peace and Work in Contentment

爱人以德
Love the People in Accordance with Rules of Moral Conduct

爱民
Love the People


Loyalty

治大国若烹小鲜
Governing a Big Country Is Like Cooking Small Fish.


Rectitude

知先行后
First Knowledge, Then Action

知行合一
Unity of Knowledge and Action

知耻而后勇
Having a Feeling of Shame Gives Rise to Courage.

政者正也
Governance Means Rectitude.

正心
Rectify One’s Heart / Mind

正名
Rectification of Names

载舟覆舟
Carry or Overturn the Boat / Make or Break

与民更始
Make a Fresh Start with the People

有容乃大
A Broad Mind Achieves Greatness.

以直报怨
Repaying a Grudge with Rectitude

以无为本
Wu Is the Origin.

一物两体
One Thing in Two Fundamental States

炎黄
The Fiery Emperor and the Yellow Emperor / Emperor Yan and Emperor Huang

言尽意
Words Can Fully Express Thought.

言不尽意
Words Cannot Fully Express Thought.

雅乐
Fine Music

循名责实
Hold Actualities According to Its Name

血气
Vitality / Vital Force


Xuan (Mystery)

行先知后
First Action, Then Knowledge

心知
Mind Cognition

写意
Freehand Brushwork

小说
Fiction


Xiang (Semblance)

相反相成
Being both Opposite and Complementary

无欲则刚
People with No Covetous Desires Stand Upright.

温故知新
Review the Old and Learn the New

同归殊途
Arrive at the Same Destination via Different Routes / Rely on a Common Ontological Entity

天下兴亡,匹夫有责
The Rise and Fall of All Under Heaven Is the Responsibility of Every Individual.

天命之性
Character Endowed by Heaven

天命
Mandate of Heaven

天理
Natural Law

天道
Way of Heaven

太虚
Taixu (Great Void)

四海之内皆兄弟
All the People Within the Four Seas Are Brothers.


Being Considerate / Forgiveness

授人以渔
Teaching How to Fish

师直为壮
Troops Will Be Powerful When Fighting a Just Cause.


Shi (Poetry)

慎思明辨
Careful Reflection and Clear Discrimination

慎独
Shendu

三思而行
Think Thrice Before Acting

三才
The Three Elements

三表
Three Standards

仁者爱人
The Benevolent Person Loves Others.


Qu (Melody)

求放心
Search for the Lost Heart

前事不忘,后事之师
Past Experience, If Not Forgotten, Is a Guide for the Future.

气质之性
Character Endowed by Qi (Vital Force)

气骨
Qigu (Emotional Vitality and Forcefulness)


Qi (Vessel)

齐物
Seeing Things as Equal

飘逸
Natural Grace

否极泰来
When Worse Comes to the Worst, Things Will Turn for the Better.

内美
Inner Beauty

理一分殊
There Is But One Li (Universal Principle), Which Exists in Diverse Forms.

礼尚往来
Reciprocity as a Social Norm

旷达
Broad-mindedness / Unconstrained Style

空灵
Ethereal Effect

尽心
Exert One’s Heart / Mind to the Utmost

鉴古知今
Review the Past to Understand the Present

见贤思齐
When Seeing a Person of High Caliber, Strive to Be His Equal.

见闻之知
Knowledge from One’s Senses

见利思义
Think of Righteousness in the Face of Gain

寄托
Entrusting

浩然之气
Noble Spirit

公生明,廉生威
Fairness Fosters Discernment and Integrity Creates Authority.

革故鼎新
Do Away with the Old and Set Up the New


Song

刚柔相济
Combine Toughness with Softness

芙蓉出水
Lotus Rising Out of Water

风教
Moral Cultivation

风骨
Fenggu

繁缛
Overly Elaborative

多行不义必自毙
He Who Repeatedly Commits Wrongdoing Will Come to No Good End.

动静
Movement and Stillness


Ding (Vessel)

典雅
Classical Elegance

德性之知
Knowledge from One’s Moral Nature

得道多助,失道寡助
A Just Cause Enjoys Abundant Support While an Unjust Cause Finds Little Support.

道济天下
Support All People by Upholding Truth and Justice

当行
Professionalism

淡泊明志,宁静致远
Indifference to Fame and Fortune Characterizes a High Aim in Life, and Leading a Quiet Life Helps On

淡泊
Quiet Living with No Worldly Desire

丹青
Painting in Colors

大用
Maximal Functioning

大体、小体
The Major Organ and the Minor Organs

大巧若拙
Exquisite Skill Looks Simple and Clumsy.

大道至简
Great Truth in Simple Words

错彩镂金
Gilded and Colored, Elegant and Refined

词曲
Ci (Lyric) and Qu (Melody)


Ci (Lyric)

春秋
The Spring and Autumn Annals / The Spring and Autumn Period

诚意
Be Sincere in Thought

沉郁
Melancholy

变化
Change

白描
Plain Line Drawing

总集
General Collection / Anthology

自强不息
Striving Continuously to Strengthen Oneself

止戈为武
Stopping War Is a True Craft of War.

知行
Knowledge and Application

政治
Decree and Governance / Politics


Yuan (Origin)

宇宙
Universe / Cosmos

意兴
Inspirational Appreciation

意境
Aesthetic Conception

艺术
Art

养民
Nurturing the People


Learn

虚壹而静
Open-mindedness, Concentration, and Tranquility

形而下
What Is Under Form / The Physical

形而上
What Is Above Form / The Metaphysical

兴趣
Xingqu (Charm)

兴寄
Xingji (Association and Inner Sustenance)

小人
Petty Man

逍遥
Carefree

五经
Five Classics

吴越同舟
People of Wu and Yue Are in the Same Boat.

文章
Literary Writing

文学
Literature

文笔
Writing and Writing Technique

温柔敦厚
Mild, Gentle, Sincere, and Broadminded

天子
Son of Heaven

天人之分
Distinction Between Man and Heaven

天人合一
Heaven and Man Are United as One.


Ti

四书
Four Books

四海
Four Seas

四端
Four Initiators

斯文
Be Cultured and Refined


Reflecting / Thinking

实事求是
Seek Truth from Facts

诗中有画,画中有诗
Painting in Poetry, Poetry in Painting

诗史
Historical Poetry

师出有名
Fighting a War with a Moral Justification

神韵
Elegant Subtlety

神与物游
Interaction Between the Mind and the Subject Matter

上善若水
Great Virtue Is Like Water.

上帝
Supreme Ruler / Ruler of Heaven

三玄
Three Metaphysical Classics

人文
Renwen

人道
Way of Man

取境
Qujing (Conceptualize an Aestheric Feeling)


Qian

气象
Prevailing Features


Mandate / Destiny

名实
Name and Substance

民胞物与
All People Are My Brothers and Sisters, and All Things Are My Companions.

妙悟
Subtle Insight


Li (Rites / Social Norms)


Kun

开物成务
Understand Things and Succeed in One’s Endeavors

君子
Junzi (Man of Virtue)


Lord / Nobility / Monarch

居安思危
Be on Alert Against Potential Danger When Living in Peace

境生象外
Aesthetic Conception Transcends Concrete Objects Described.

境界
Jingjie (Visionary World)

经世致用
Study of Ancient Classics Should Meet Present Needs.

经济
To Govern and Help the People

京(京师)
Capital of a Country

解衣盘礴
Sitting with Clothes Unbuttoned and Legs Stretching Out

兼爱
Universal Love

活法
Literary Flexibility

浑沌
Chaos

会心
Heart-to-heart Communication

画龙点睛
Adding Pupils to the Eyes of a Painted Dragon / Rendering the Final Touch

画道
Dao of Painting

化工、画工
Magically Natural, Overly Crafted

化干戈为玉帛
Beat Swords into Plowshares / Turn War into Peace

厚德载物
Have Ample Virtue and Carry All Things

和而不同
Harmony But Not Uniformity

海外
Outside the Four Seas / Overseas

海内
Within the Four Seas

过犹不及
Going Too Far Is as Bad as Falling Short.

国体
Guoti

国家
Family-state / Country

卦爻
Trigrams and Component Lines

格物致知
Study Things to Acquire Knowledge

革命
Changing the Mandate / Revolution

刚柔
Gang and Rou

干城
Shield and Fortress / Dukes and Princes

非攻
Denouncing Unjust Wars

法不阿贵
The Law Does Not Favor the Rich and Powerful.

独化
Self-driven Development


Metropolis

道法自然
Dao Operates Naturally.

辞达
Expressiveness

唇亡齿寒
Once the Lips Are Gone, the Teeth Will Feel Cold.

楚辞
Chuci (Ode of Chu)


Fortress / City

别集
Individual Collection

别材别趣
Distinct Subject and Artistic Taste

辨体
Style Differentiation

比德
Virtue Comparison

本色
Bense (Original Character)

八卦
Eight Trigrams

安土重迁
Attached to the Land and Unwilling to Move

隐秀
Latent Sentiment and Evident Beauty


The One

选举
Select and Recommend

虚静
Void and Peace

性灵
Xingling (Inner Self)

太学
Imperial Academy

书院
Classical Academy

史才三长
Three Strengths of a Good Historian


Sage / Sageness


Shen (Spirit / Spiritual)

社稷
Sheji (Gods of the Earth and the Five Grains)

民惟邦本
People Being the Foundation of the State

美刺
Extolment and Satirical Criticism

六义
The Six Basic Elements

六经皆史
The Six Confucian Classics Are All About History.

科举
The Imperial Civil Examination System

江山
Rivers and Mountains / Country or State Power

肌理
Reasoning and Structure

讽谕
Subtle Admonition

悲慨
Melancholy and Resentment

信言不美,美言不信
Trustworthy Words May Not Be Fine-sounding; Fine-sounding Words May Not Be Trustworthy.

象外之象,景外之景
The Image Beyond an Image, the Scene Beyond a Scene

声一无听,物一无文
A Single Note Does Not Compose a Melodious Tune, Nor Does a Single Color Make a Beautiful Pattern.

厉与西施,道通为一
A Scabby Person and the Beautiful Lady Xishi Are the Same in the Eyes of Dao.

乐而不淫,哀而不伤
Express Enjoyment Without Indulgence and Express Grief Without Excessive Distress

不学《诗》,无以言
You Won’t Be Able to Talk Properly with Others Without Studying The Book of Songs.

有德者必有言
Virtuous People Are Sure to Produce Fine Writing.

自然英旨
Charm of Spontaneity

紫之夺朱
Purple Prevailing over Red

有教无类
Education for All Without Discrimination

修齐治平
Self-Cultivation, Family Regulation, State Governance, Bringing Peace to All Under Heaven

兴观群怨
Stimulation, Contemplation, Communication, and Criticism

协和万邦
Coexistence of All in Harmony

文以载道
Literature Is the Vehicle of Ideas.

为政以德
Governance Based on Virtue

顺天应人
Follow the Mandate of Heaven and Comply with the Wishes of the People

人文化成
Ren Wen Hua Cheng

利用厚生
Make Full Use of Resources to Enrich the People

怀远以德
Embrace Distant Peoples by Means of Virtue

发愤著书
Indignation Spurs One to Write Great Works.

诗缘情
Poetry Springs from Emotions.

诗言志
Poetry Expresses Aspirations.

赋比兴
Narrative, Analogy, and Association

风雅颂
Ballad, Court Hymn, and Eulogy

宗法
Feudal Clan System

自然
Naturalness

滋味
Nuanced Flavor

中庸
Zhongyong (Golden Mean)

中华
Zhonghua

中国
Zhongguo (China)

直寻
Direct Quest

知音
Resonance and Empathy

缘起
Dependent Origination

有无
You and Wu

阴阳
Yin and Yang

意象
Yixiang (Imagery)

养气
Cultivating Qi

雅俗
Highbrow and Lowbrow

玄览
Xuanlan ( Pure-minded Contemplation )

兴象
Xingxiang (Inspiring Imagery)

五行
Wuxing

无为
Non-action

文气
Wenqi

文明
Wenming (Civilization)

王道
Kingly Way (Benevolent Governance)

天下
Tianxia (All Under Heaven)

体用
Ti and Yong

体性
Style and Temperament

太极
Taiji (The Supreme Ultimate)

神思
Imaginative Contemplation

镕裁
Refining and Deleting

日新
Constant Renewal

人治
Rule by Man

情景
Sentiment and Scenery

良知
Liangzhi (Conscience)

良史
Trustworthy Historian / Factual History

九州
Nine Zhou (Regions)

教化
Shaping the Mind Through Education

华夏
Huaxia

格调
Form and Melody

封建
Feudal System

法治
Rule by Law

大同
Universal Harmony

般若
Buddhist Wisdom

本末
Ben and Mo (The Fundamental and the Incidental)


Righteousness


Xu


Xing (Nature)


Heart / Mind


Wu (Thing / Matter)


King


Tian (Heaven)


Ren


Qu


Qing


Qi (Vital Force)


Li


De


Dao (Way)


Sincerity

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